Instructions for Authors

Please read the following guidelines carefully before submitting your paper. When your manuscript is ready to submit, please send it in Microsoft Word format using the online submission form.

General Manuscript Submission Guidelines

  1. Submissions should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), 7th edition. Submissions will initially be checked for their conformity to APA style.
  2. Contributions must be in English. Spelling should be either American English or British English and should be consistent throughout the paper.
  3. All articles published in this journal are double-blind peer-reviewed. Thus, self-identifying citations and references in the article text and reference list should either be avoided or marked as AUTHOR (XXX) when manuscripts are first submitted. Authors are responsible for reinserting self-identifying citations and references when manuscripts are prepared for final submission after being accepted for publication in Language Issues.
  4. Authors are responsible for observing copyright laws when quoting or reproducing materials.
  5. The copyright of articles published in Language Issues is retained with the authors.

Manuscript Preparation

For initial submission, authors should submit their manuscript in electronic form in MS Word only, using Times New Roman, font size 12, double-spaced with 2.54 cm/1 inch margins on all sides. While The submissions must include the following sections:

  • Title Page

The title page should present a concise and informative title of the article. It should include the author’s full name, institutional affiliation, postal address, telephone number and email address. In case of multiple authors, each name should appear on a separate line. One author should be designated as the corresponding author. Please give the affiliation where the research was conducted. Please note that the email address of the corresponding author will normally be displayed in the article. A biography of 50 words for each author should also be added.

  • The Manuscript

The manuscript file should consist of the following sections in addition to the main text body presenting the argument in the article:



Acknowledgements (if any)


Appendices (if any)

(Tables and figures should appear in appropriate places in the body of the manuscript)


The abstract should briefly summarize the aim, materials and method, data collection and analysis procedures, major findings and conclusion of the article. The abstract should be no less than 150 and no more than 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references. The abstract should be followed by 3 to 6 keywords, separated by commas. The  keywords represent the main content of the article.


The manuscript should contain the body of the article. It should be double-spaced throughout and the new paragraphs should be indented. The manuscript should be divided into the sections as regards the type of the article. Use a clear system of headings, preferably with not more than two levels of heading (please see APA guidelines for headings and subheadings). The reference list should start on a new page and it should be double-spaced with hanging indentation (all lines except the first one should be indented). The length of the manuscript can be between 6000 and 8000 words.

Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively and should appear in the body of the manuscript. Tables should be created with Word’s table function, not as spreadsheets.

Notes should appear as endnotes and should be concise, kept to a minimum, and numbered consecutively throughout the paper.

References and Quotations in the text

Following APA style, this journal uses the author-date method of citation. When directly quoting from a text you must also include a page number at the end of the citation, e.g., Ellis (2010) argues that “TEXT” (p. 15). In-text references should appear in the body of the article, not in footnotes, giving the author’s last name followed by the year of publication and page number where relevant. A work by three authors should include all names in the first citation, with only the first author followed by et al. in subsequent citations; works by four or more authors should use et al. in all citations. Any quotation that runs for more than three lines should be set off from the main paragraph. Such a block quotation does not need quotation marks.

Citations in the Reference List

Your reference list should be ordered alphabetically by author and then chronologically by year of publication. If you have the DOI for the journal article, you should include it in the reference list; otherwise, it is not necessary.


De Vaus, D. A. (2014). Surveys in social research. Sydney, Australia: Allen & Unwin.

Gregory, G., & Parry, T. (2006). Designing brain-compatible learning (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

Edited Books

Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Book Chapters

Brown, P., & Levinson, S. C. (1987). Universals in language usage: Politeness phenomena. In Esther Goody (Ed.), Questions and Politeness (pp. 56-311). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Journal Articles

Bunz, U., & Campbell, S. W. (2009). Politeness accommodation in electronic mail. Communication Research Reports, 21(1), 11-25. DOI: 10.1080/08824090409359963

(For six or more authors, cite only the name of the first author followed by et al. and the year).

Two or more works by the same author

Use the author’s name for all entries and list the entries chronologically (by the year).

Berndt, T. J. (1981).

Berndt, T. J. (1999).

When an author appears both as a sole author and, in another citation, as the first author of a group, list the one-author entries first.

Berndt, T. J. (1999). Friends’ influence on students’ adjustment to school. Educational Psychologist, 34, 15-28.

Berndt, T. J., & Keefe, K. (1995). Friends’ influence on adolescents’ adjustment to school. Child Development, 66, 1312-1329.

Two or more works in the same parenthetical citation

Citations of two or more works in the same parentheses should be listed in the order they appear in the reference list (i.e., alphabetically, then chronologically).

Several studies (Jones & Powell, 1993; Peterson, 1995, 1998; Smith, 1990) suggest that…

Referencing an Idea

If an idea is quoted from more than one author, the name of authors should be ordered alphabetically, e.g., Brown (2010), Ellis (2012), and Richards (2015) all argue that second languages should be taught… (TEXT WITHOUT QUOTATION MARKS). Alternatively, you can write: It has been argued that …(Brown, 2010; Ellis, 2012; and Richards, 2015).

Citing a source within a source

Where your source quotes or refers to another source, for example Widdowson refers to previous work by Halliday on linguistics, the citation might read as follows:

(Halliday, as cited in Widdowson, 2004, p. 15)

In this case, only Widdowson will appear in the Reference list at the end of your manuscript.

Webpage with an author

HealthTimes. (2015). The future of aged care nursing in Australia. Retrieved from

Encyclopedia Articles

Brislin, R. W. (1984). Cross-cultural psychology. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 319-327). New York, NY: Wiley.

Developmental genetics. (2005). In Cambridge encyclopedia of child development. Retrieved from


Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities. (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original work published 1814)

Note: When you cite a republished work, like the one above, in your text, it should appear with both dates: Laplace (1814/1951).

Dissertation Abstract

Yoshida, Y. (2001). Essays in urban transportation. Dissertation Abstracts International, 62, 7741A.

Dissertation, Published

Lastname, F. N. (Year). Title of dissertation (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order Number)

Dissertation, Unpublished

Lastname, F. N. (Year). Title of dissertation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Name of Institution, Location.

Government Document

National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

For information about citing legal sources in your reference list, see the University of Nebraska,

Kearney page on Citing Legal Materials in APA Style.

Report from a Private Organization

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with eating disorders (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Conference Proceedings

Schnase, J. L., & Cunnius, E. L. (Eds.). (1995). Proceedings from CSCL ’95: The First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

For more information not mentioned here, please check APA Manual of Style (6th edition) available at

How to Submit, and the Review Policy

Since Language Issues uses a double-blind review system, it is essential that all author-identifying information be removed from the paper and that author information should only be provided in the title page. In case the author’s work is mentioned in the manuscript, replace the name with AUTHOR (XXX) in the text as well as in the reference list.

Before submitting your article to Language Issues make sure that you have adhered to all the guidelines given above. Submissions that do not conform to the journal’s guidelines will be returned to the authors for revision. Please be informed that this journal takes plagiarism very seriously and contributors are cautioned against this issue. Papers submitted to this journal should not have been published before in any form except as conference presentations, nor should they be submitted simultaneously to other journals.

This journal follows a rigorous reviewing policy. Each submitted paper is first evaluated for its style consistency after being checked for plagiarism. If found faulty or not appropriate, the paper will be returned to the author for further work and resubmission. Papers that meet initial submission criteria are then reviewed by at least two anonymous reviewers. A final decision is made on the status of the paper based on the reviewers’ comments. The final decision (which takes the form of Accept as it is; Accept with minor changes; Accept with major changes: Revise and Resubmit as a new paper; and Reject) will then be communicated to the corresponding author by the Editor. The journal editorial strives to keep the review process as short as possible (three to four months of the latest).

For accepted papers, by agreeing to publish their papers in Language Issues the authors grant copyright to the journal to exclusively publish their papers online at Language Issues website. Language Issues encourages the recirculation of the published articles for academic/research purposes by readers, as long as proper references are made.

Book Reviews must comply with the above-mentioned guidelines. They should minimally contain a summary of the contents of the book, a description of the domain in which the topic of the book is situated, and a critical discussion of the contribution the volume makes to the field.